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Specific Wolf or Pack Information

Areas of Known Wolf Activity
Areas of Depredating Wolves

Wolf-Livestock Conflict Deterrence Plans
Qualification of Confirmed Livestock Depredation
Lethal Take Orders

Areas of Known Wolf Activity (AKWA)

What is an “Area of Known Wolf Activity” and when/how is it designated?

An Area of Known Wolf Activity (AKWA) is an area which is designated by ODFW showing where resident wolves and/or packs have become established. AKWA designation is based on actual wolf data or information which is verified by ODFW, and not reports or other hearsay. AKWA’s are only designated in situations of repeated wolf use over a period of time. For example, a single photo or a set of tracks showing that a wolf may be traveling through an area would not be designated an AKWA.

When repeated wolf activity is established, ODFW will delineate AKWA boundaries using actual location data points. In situations where wolves are resident but location data is limited, ODFW will use a fixed circle of a size based on home range data from other packs. AKWA’s will periodically change as new information becomes available.

What does an AKWA mean to a livestock producer?

  • ODFW coordinates with livestock producers within designated AKWA’s to discuss topics such as the Oregon Wolf Plan, current wolf management and conservation, how to recognize and report wolf activity, and appropriate non-lethal measures.

  • Livestock producers within AKWA’s are encouraged to access the information associated with known wolves or packs.

  • Producers are encouraged to implement non-lethal measures which are designed to minimize conflicts between wolves and livestock.

  • Within an Area of Known Wolf Activity, an incident of depredation qualifies toward lethal control only if the landowner or lawful occupant of the land where the depredation occurred had:

    (i) At least seven days prior to the incident of depredation, removed, treated or disposed of all intentionally placed or known and reasonably accessible unnatural attractants of potential wolf-livestock conflict, such as bone or carcass piles or disposal sites, and

    (ii) Prior to and on the day of the incident of depredation, been using at least one non-lethal measure ODFW deems most appropriate to protect calving operations, nursing cattle, sheep operations, or other reasonably protectable situations, not including open range situations.

  • In documenting the removal of unnatural attractants and implementation of conflict deterrence measures, the Department may rely upon documented personal observation and/or written statements by the owner or lawful occupant of the land to determine if an incident of depredation qualifies.

Note: The non-lethal measures referred to in this section are not mandatory. Producers may elect not to implement measures to minimize wolf-livestock conflicts. However, it is important for producers to understand that any lethal control options for ODFW will be dependent on the use of non-lethal measures and their documentation of use.


Known Oregon Wolf Packs
Click map to download a PDF

Currently designated AKWAs

AKWAs no longer active

Areas of Depredating Wolves (ADW)

What is an “Area of Depredating Wolves” and when/how is it designated?

When ODFW confirms wolf depredation of livestock, an Area of Depredating Wolves (ADW) is designated for the purpose of focusing non-lethal deterrent measures. In some cases, the ADW may encompass the entire home range of a pack, but in others, it may only encompass a portion. Landowners and other livestock producers can determine if their land is within an ADW by viewing the map associated with depredating wolves (see below for maps). ADW’s may be modified periodically based on new information.

What does an ADW mean to a livestock producer?

  • Once an ADW is designated, ODFW will coordinate with affected livestock producers, landowners, and other relevant interests to prepare an area specific wolf-livestock conflict deterrence plan. The plan will be posted below.

  • Under Oregon Administrative Rule OAR 635-110-0010(8)(a-c), some non-lethal measures from the conflict deterrence plan may be necessary before a depredation would qualify toward future lethal control actions.

  • Within an Area of Depredating Wolves, an incident of depredation qualifies toward lethal control if the landowner or lawful occupant of the land where the depredation occurred had

    • Complied with the two AKWA qualification sections ((i) and (ii) above), and

    • Prior to and on the day of the incident of depredation, was implementing at least one non-lethal measure identified in the area-specific conflict deterrence plan that is specific to the location, type of livestock operation, time of the year, and/or period of livestock production associated with the depredation. In open range situations, the conflict deterrence plan measure implemented by a landowner or lawful occupant must address wolf-livestock conflict.

  • Human presence, when used as a non-lethal measure, is presence which could reasonably be expected to deter wolf-livestock conflict under the circumstances and may be considered an appropriate non-lethal measure if it; a) occurs at a proximate time prior to and in an area proximate to a confirmed depredation as determined by ODFW, and b) indicates a timely response to wolf location information in situations of potential wolf-livestock conflict.

  • In documenting the removal of unnatural attractants and implementation of conflict deterrence measures, the Department may rely upon documented personal observation and/or written statements by the owner or lawful occupant of the land to determine if an incident of depredation qualifies.

Note: The non-lethal measure identified in the area-specific conflict deterrence plan may, in some cases, be the same as those used within the AKWA prior to the first incident of depredation.


Currently designated ADWs

 

Wolf-Livestock Conflict Deterrence Plans

A wolf-livestock conflict deterrence plan is prepared for an area designated to be an Area of Depredating Wolves (ADW). The conflict deterrence plan will help livestock producers identify the appropriate non-lethal measures which are effective in a given circumstance, including the nature of the livestock operations, habitat, and landscape conditions specific to the area, as well as particular times of the year or period of livestock production. The plans may change based on new information.

 

Qualification of Confirmed Livestock Depredation

An incident of depredation is a single event resulting in the injury or death of one or more lawfully present livestock that is reported to ODFW for investigation and upon investigation by ODFW or its agent(s), ODFW confirms to have been caused by a wolf or group of wolves. Each incident is evaluated to determine if it qualifies towards chronic designation and lethal control actions.

Within the last 6 months, the following incidents of depredation have been evaluated to determine if they qualify under Oregon Administrative Rule OAR 635-110-0010(8)(a-c).

New Wolves – Chesnimnus

Imnaha Pack ADW

Meacham Pack (OR26)

Mt. Emily Pack

Umatilla Pack ADW

 

Lethal Take

In situations of chronic livestock depredation, lethal take may be implemented by ODFW in certain circumstances under Oregon Administrative Rule OAR 635-110-0010. However, before lethal control actions are authorized by ODFW, a number of conditions must be satisfied. The following are some of the general conditions that must be met prior to ODFW authorizing lethal control:

  • ODFW confirms at least four qualifying (see above) incidents of depredation within the previous 6 months by the same wolf or wolves,

  • Livestock producers in the area have worked to reduce wolf-livestock conflict and are in compliance with wolf protection laws and the conditions of any harassment or take permits,

  • The situation of wolf depredation is likely to remain chronic despite the use of additional non-lethal conflict deterrence measures, and

  • The wolf or wolves identified for removal are those ODFW believes to be associated with the qualifying depredations, the removal of which ODFW believes will decrease the risk of chronic depredation.

There are no lethal control orders at this time.

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